The Effects Of Snorting Cocaine
Article Submitted on behalf of alcoholrehab-durham.uk
Cocaine is a banned, highly addictive and highly dangerous drug made from purified extracts from the leaves of the Erythroxylum coca bush. It is usually available in powdered form or ‘coke’ which can be snorted or dissolved in water and then injected by the user. It can also be in the form of crack cocaine or ‘crack,’ in street language, which presents it in a rolled cigarette-like shape which can be smoked.
Cocaine is associated with serious complications and health problems in its users and, in severe cases when it is overdosed, heart attacks, strokes, seizures and even death.
The effect of cocaine on the user is instant and could fade off within a few minutes to an hour. When ingested in small amounts, usually up to 100 mg, cocaine gives the user a feeling of euphoria. This could make the individual suddenly begin to act more energetic and restless, become talkative and ultrasensitive to their environment. It could also momentarily reduce the urge for food and rest in the user and help them perform simple tasks more quickly, although this latter effect could be reversed in others.
The length of the euphoric effects of cocaine on the user depends on the method it is ingested. The quicker the drug is absorbed into the body’s system, the higher the feeling of hallucination and exhilaration, but also the shorter its duration. If it is snorted (ingested through the nose), the feeling of high will be slow to manifest but could last from 15 to 30 minutes. In contrast, if it is smoked, the euphoric feeling is more immediate but may only last between 5 and 10 minutes.
How Snorting Cocaine Harm The Users
Cocaine produces its high effects by accelerating the normal functioning of the central nervous system (CNS). When a user snorts cocaine, the substance is absorbed into the body through the blood vessels located in the nose and travels into the bloodstream, where it circulates the body system and enters the blood-brain barrier.
Inside the brain, cocaine disrupts the normal brain communication process, and simultaneously prevents the normal flow of the neurotransmitter dopamine. This causes an excessive build up of the amount of dopamine between nerve cells, which then creates the intense excitement the user feels after snorting the drug.
How Snorting Drills ‘A Hole In Your Nose’
Snorting or sniffing cocaine through the nose could leave the user with a physical, ugly and permanent impairment. This happens when the user snorts or sniffs the substance for a prolonged period, resulting in a damaged nose. Medically, it is called septal perforation or a hole in the septum.
It happens when the tiny and sensitive blood vessels in the nose is blocked by powdery cocaine. The blood vessels are narrowed overtime, reducing blood supply and oxygen levels to the tissues of the septum.
This causes the linings in the septum (the structural base and support of the nose) to begin to die along with the cartilage beneath it. The resulting condition is a hole in the septum. Once there are several holes in the septum, the nose is completely damaged and stops functioning. When a septal perforation condition is triggered in a user who snorts cocaine, it can never heal on its own. It can only be manageable with the help of a surgeon with that specialty.
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